Film explores connection between Jews, national pastime
- Published: Tuesday, 06 July 2004 17:00
I have to admit before gushing with praise about this film that the title alone had me at “hello.” I take great pride in being Jewish. I played baseball growing up, and it continues to be my favorite sport to follow on television and in the newspaper.
This nonfiction movie breaks down the stereotype that Jews are not adept physically and unable to compete in sports. It also shows how baseball was the conduit to being part of the community as immigrant Jewish boys took up the game to assimilate into a new culture. The one constant everyone can relate to expressed by frequent interviewee Larry King is kids remembering forever playing catch with their fathers. This recollection will put a lump in your throat and bring tears to your eyes.
The movie expertly narrated by Dustin Hoffman is loaded with trivia. The movie instills some Jewish humor by tracing baseball’s roots to the first line of the Bible referring to “In the big inning.”
Lipman Emanuel Pike, a Jew of Dutch origin, was one of the first players to receive money for playing baseball. He received $20 a week from the Philadelphia Athletics in 1866. He led the first organized league in home runs during the first three years of its existence.
St. Louis Brown’s hurler Barney Pelty, known as “the Yiddish Curver,” was the first Jewish ballplayer to appear on a baseball card.
Manager and part-owner John McGraw of the New York Giants, in an effort to attract Jewish ticket buyers and counter the draw of Babe Ruth (“the Sultan of Swat”), signed Moses “Mo” Solomon, affectionately dubbed “the Rabbi of Swat.” He went 3 for 8 in his brief career and his lifetime batting average of .375 is the highest for a Jewish ballplayer. A salary dispute caused him to opt for pro football instead. McGraw next turned to 5’ 8” second baseman Andy Cohen. He had thick dark hair, dark skin and a keen mentality. He attracted immigrant Jews from Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx to the Polo Grounds and a popular concession item was “ice cream Cohens.”
Historian Marty Abramowitz claims that slugging first baseman Hank Greenberg of the Detroit Tigers is historically responsible for the attachment of American Jews to America’s game. Greenberg’s emergence as the first heroic Jewish superstar brought a whole generation of Jewish fans into the game. Their children and grandchildren went on to become sportswriters, executives, players and fans. The movie covers the highlights of Greenberg’s illustrious career. His decisions not to play on Yom Kippur in the thick of a pennant race and putting the major leagues on hold for four years while serving his country in the Army during World War II speak volumes on why he is revered with pride as a truly great Jewish role model.
The debate over who was the greatest Jewish baseball player is brought into focus with a terrific segment on lefty pitcher Sandy Koufax. Koufax captured the hearts of the Brooklyn-Los Angeles Dodgers fans and earned the respect of his baseball colleagues. This great artist wearing uniform #32 combined amazing control, economy of motion, pinpoint accuracy and an intelligent brain to throw four no-hitters and win the Cy Young award three times. The usually reclusive Koufax appears in a rare interview and candidly recalls playing basketball, his baseball career and honoring his religion. The movie takes you back through archival footage to famous moments in his career and even includes play-by-play commentary by longtime broadcaster Vin Scully.
Other famous Jewish major leaguers covered in this wonderful documentary include Moe Berg, Al Rosen, Marv Rotblatt, Ken Holtzman, Steve Stone, Mike Epstein, Ron Blomberg and Shawn Green. Jews currently comprise about 3 percent of the major leagues and today’s superstars include Kevin Youkilis (Boston Red Sox), Ryan Braun (Milwaukee Brewers) and Ian Kinsler (Texas Rangers). Other key Jewish figures in baseball mentioned include Marvin Miller, former executive director of the player’s union, who is credited with bringing down the reserve clause and instituting free agency, and Commissioner Bud Selig, former owner of the Milwaukee Brewers.
Take me out
to the ballgame
An entertaining interlude comes from the singing of the unofficial anthem of baseball “Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” the most frequently played song in America after “Happy Birthday” and “The Star-Spangled Banner.” The words of this early-20th century Tin Pan Alley song were set to music by Albert Von Tilzer, a Jew who took his mother’s maiden name after being born Albert Gumm shortened by his parents from Gumbinski or Guminski.
This engaging and well-put-together documentary has universal appeal to sports fans, regardless of ethnic background. It has a running time of 91 minutes that passes by much too quickly and merits my rating of VERY GOOD (3 1/2 stars out of 4).
Note: the Screenland Crown Center, 2450 Grand Blvd., Third Floor, is only open on the weekends — Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
Showtimes for “Jews and Baseball” this opening weekend are 7:30 and 9:45 p.m. Friday; 3:50, 7:30 and 9:45 p.m. Saturday; and 3:30 and 7:30 p.m. Sunday.
For more information, visit www.Screenland.com.